Monthly Archives: January 2020

NECESSITY OF A BALANCED PROPORTION OF ALL THE FOOD ELEMENTS IN A DIET

Proper nutrition
comprises complex elements required as per standard recommendation leading to
the growth and development of the individual. There are various parameters such
as height, weight, age, gender, and activity level in consideration when
determining proper nutrition for any individual. There are some major elements
to keep in track when drafting a nutritional plan for a specific person. Carbohydrates,
fat, protein, micro and macro mineral are the basic end product of a food
yielding a considerable amount of energy helping you in doing regular work. You
can segregate the food items and their requirements on the basis of
functioning.

MAJOR ELEMENTS
OF FOOD:

Carbohydrates, protein,
fats, and minerals constitute food. The ratio of the elements mentioned
determines the healthy aspect of food. The detailing is mentioned below.

  1. Carbohydrate:

It is considered to be the body’s major source of energy. The major
source of carbs includes whole grains, fruits, vegetables, etc helping you in
reducing obesity to a wider extent. Carbs play a major role in reducing
cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. There are various categories of a diet
based on calories. For instance, if you follow a 2,000- calorie diet the
recommended consumption of carbohydrate should be 225-325 grams every day. The
Food and Nutrition Board do recommend obtaining 45-65% of total calories from
carbohydrate.

  • Fat :

The term “Fat” sounds threatening to people in these recent years.
People have got the habit of avoiding it however it is one of the major
nutritional elements for developing a healthy diet. The major functioning of
fat lies in providing insulation to the body by maintaining body temperature to
a greater extent. Fat also plays an important role in cushioning organ
protecting it from severe trauma and injuries. The average recommendation of
the fat is about 20 to 35 % of the daily calories. It is advised to target
achieving fat content from unsaturated fats majorly nuts, nut butter, seeds,
avocado, olive oil, etc.

  • Protein:

Protein constitutes the major physiological functioning of the body.
It helps in keeping up the demand of the energy in the body however it also
plays a great role in maintaining water and pH balance. Protein boosts the immune
system allowing proper movement and bending of the body. The major sources of
protein include meat, poultry, fish, nut, milk products, etc. The average recommendation
of daily protein intake is about 46 grams. It is slightly greater for women
limiting to 56 grams.

  • Vitamins :

Vitamins
are the enhancers helping in growth and development. There are majorly 13
vitamins classified on the basis of the body’s capacity of absorbance. The
recommended values of vitamins differ among individuals.

Apart from the healthy food element
mentioned above minerals play a major part in the daily diet. It may not
directly yield energy however helps in proper growth and development of the body.
There are classified as micro and macro nutrients depending on the amount of
intake. The major elements needed for growth include sodium, potassium, calcium,
etc. Water is not only mentioned for quenching thirst, but it also helps in
maintaining homeostasis. Drinking approx 8 ounces of glasses on a regular basis
does help to keep various away.

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